Methods

World Café

The World Café is a participatory method for improving group discussion by dividing participants in small groups (of 3 – 6) and creating separate discussion tables. Participants sit around the table, discuss the topic presented by moderators, share different knowledge, and make shared visual notes (e.g. draw, illustrate etc.). After some time, participants are moved to another table to discuss new topic and built on what previous team had discussed.

Village, Town, Municipality
One-time event, 45 minutes to 3 hours
1 moderator for each table and 10 - 20 participants (3 - 6 people for each table)
Moderator skills required, moderator knowledge required.
Sector: Not applicable

Five why's

The “5 Why's” technique is used for troubleshooting and problem solving. It is most appropriate for resolving simple to moderately difficult problems. Its primary goal is to find the exact reason that causes a problem by asking a sequence of “Why” questions.

Village, Municipality
One-time event. , 30 minutes
Moderator and 5-10 participants.
Moderator skills required, moderator knowledge required.
Sector: Not applicable.

SWOT analysis

SWOT analysis is used to evaluate the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats of a given situation/condition. It can be used on an individual level or with a gropup of 8 - 12 people. The participants need to have a fairly good knowledge about the topic you want to address. This method is simple to use and requires no special material resources.

Village, Region
One-time event. , 60 - 120 minutes
8 - 12 individuals
Moderator skills required, moderator knowledge required.
Sector: Not applicable.

A Venn diagram

The Venn diagram is a visual technique used to map key stakeholders, organisations, institutions and individuals in the region or community. This can be achieved with circles of different sizes, some big canvases and a mixed group of 15 – 20 people (3 -5 is also manageable). By executing the technique, you will learn the importance and effectiveness of the chosen stakeholders and their relationship with local community and other groups. It also provides a broad guideline for plugging loopholes, if any, in the functioning of these groups.

City, Region
Recurring events., 60 min or more (depends on the number of categories discussed).
Key informants (each for each category) and 15-20 participants (can also be 3-5).
Moderator skills required, moderator knowledge required.
Sector: Not applicable.

Seroi+

SEROI+ is a digital tool, based on participatory approach. It combines socio-economic and environmental return on investment (SEROI) assessment. SEROI assessment allows for evaluation and monitoring of existing or planned products and services delivering socio-economic returns. Through the process of open innovation, it enables to involve all relevant stakeholders in identification and definition of goals and objectives; identification of measurable indicators and expected impacts; and in co-design and co-development of new products and services.

Village, Town, Municipality
One-time event, /
15 - 20
Moderator skills required, moderator knowledge required.
Sector: Not applicable.

Focus group

Focus group is a method to collect qualitative in-depth information. It is a group interview where the theme of the conversation is known in advance and questions are led by facilitator. Focus groups are ideal for discovering new (important) themes/problematic areas, contributing to in-depth research, in-depth analysis, placing the phenomena in the context, and for interpreting the phenomena already identified, its difficulties or viewpoints. Participants of the focus group are selected in advance by the organizing team. Usually there is more than one focus group meeting to get quality results. To organize a focus group an organizing team is needed (including facilitator, organizer, content planner, recorder, analyzer) and 10 – 15 participants. Focus groups are often used to learn more about opinions on a designated topic but further also to serve as a starting point to future actions.

Village, City
Recurring events, 60 – 120 minutes
Organizing team (including facilitator, organizer, content planner, recorder, analyzer) and 10 - 15 participants.
Moderator skills required, moderator knowledge required.
Sector: Not applicable